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Articles - Étudiants SUPINFO

ADDS (Microsoft Windows Server 2016)

Par Julien GROSSIN Publié le 05/10/2019 à 16:56:12 Noter cet article:
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Introduction

In this article, we will learn how to install and configure the Active Directory Domain Services (feature available on Windows Server Servers) and then we will see how to manage users and groups with the tools provided by Microsoft as a result of the installation of the ADDS role.

What is Active Directory Domain Services (ADDS)?

ADDS has for objective to provide centralized management of resources (shared folders), identities (users, groups), devices or machines (computers, servers, printers ...).

This system makes it possible to have a centralized authentication which means that the user will be able to use his account to access all the virtual and material resources of the company. A single account belonging to the domain will be sufficient.

Each user and group have their own SIDs.

When the user tries to access a local resource or on the network, its SID and those two groups they belong to are compared to the access control lists of the resource.

One of the important roles of this one is to manage the authentication by checking the access rights of the user on local or network resources.

Prerequisites

For the installation of ADDS, you must first have installed the Windows Server operating system and configure a Static IP address. In our example we will use "Windows Server 2016 Standard (Desktop Experience)".

Installation and Configuration of ADDS

Step 1: Installing the role and its features

Go to the "Server Manager"

This space includes the essential tools to manage your Windows servers, you also have a Dashboard displaying the status of installed roles and services.

Select "Manage" then click on "Add Roles and Features".

The Add Roles page is displayed, you can click "Next".

We want to add the role ADDS so we will check "Role-Based or feature-based installation”. This option allows you to add and configure a role on the server.

Then click on Next.

You will now select the server for the installation. Check "Select a server from the server pool" Then select the server on which you want to install the role. In our example, we will install on "Srv-ADDS". Then, click on "Next".

In that step, we are getting the list of roles available for our server, we will select "Active Directory Domain Services".

Then click on "Add Features".

Click on "Next"

Click on "Next"

Click on "Install" to start the installation of the ADDS role and these features.

If you get the next view this means that the role has been successfully installed.

Step 2: Setting up a new forest

Click on "Promote this server to a domain controller"

To add a new forest, just click on "Add a new forest" Then enter a name for the domain (in our case exemple.com).

Finally, click on "Next".

Enter a secure password

Click on "Next"

Check the NetBIOS that will be assigned to the domain during the configuration you can modify it.

Here you find the paths for the files of the ADDS database, for the log files and for the SYSVOL folder you have the possibility to modify them (we will keep the default paths).

Then, click on "Next".

The following view is for us to verifies the previously selected settings before they are applied.

Click on "Next" to start the prerequisite check.

You can now select "Install" to proceed with the configuration.

The server will restart to integrate the new features.

Then, you will be able to login with the domain administrator user.

The installation is complete, your ADDS service is ready.

Manage users and groups

Creating a user

You will be able to manage your users, groups, computers and server integrated to your domain with the tool "Active Directory Users and Computers".

I advise you to create the "Organization Units".

You can for example create a unit for the Users of your company with in sub units for each of the departments.

For this task, just right click and select new -> Organization Unit.

To add a user just “right click” and select new -> User.

You can enter his first name, last name, and the full name will be generated automatically from the first two values. Then enter the name that the user will use to logon to the domain. Click on "Next".

You can enter a default password for the user and then check "User must change password at next logon" so at the first connection on the domain, the user has the obligation to choose his own password for his user account.

You have a summary of the information then you can press "Finish" to validate the creation of the user.

Creating a group

To add a group, just “right click” and select new -> Group.

Enter the name for the new group. Then, click on "OK" to validate the creation.

To add a user to the group, you have to go to the properties of the group -> "Members" -> Click on "Add"

Add users to "Enter the object names to select" We will add toto to the "Finance" group. Click on "OK"

Toto is a member of the Finance group. Click on Apply to validate the addition, then click on "OK".

Conclusion

We've seen in this article how to install the ADDS role and configure a new forest, and then how to manage the creation of users and groups to the domain.

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