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SharePoint 2016 (Web Application and Site Collection)

Par Julien GROSSIN Publié le 05/10/2019 à 17:01:25 Noter cet article:
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Introduction

This article is dedicated to creating web application and site collection from the SharePoint Administration Center. We will also see how to manage pages, change the display as well as the access permissions to the site.

Web Application

First, you must know that when you deploy a new web application, it is configured in the IIS (Internet Information Services) Windows Server. This means that each of the applications will have their own site in the IIS. So you can configure them separately later to add SSL certificates for example.

Each web application can integrate some "Site Collections".

Site Collections

Site collections correspond to a site at the top level and all lower-level sites that are following it. As an example, we will take the web application http://compagnie then we add the site collection http:// compagnie/sites/ Presentation then we can have the low level sites http:// compagnie/sites/Presentation/ New or even http://compagnie/ sites/Presentation/Renovation.

Creating a web application

We will deploy a web application called "Compagnie".

To do this, go to the administration center and then to "Application Manager".

Select "Manage Web Applications" in the Web Applications section.

Click on "New"

In the step:

  • Name : Enter the name chosen for the web application.

  • Port : Enter the port to use for the app.

  • Allow Anonymous : This selection leaves unauthenticated users access to the site or not.

  • Use Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) : Allows you to choose to pass the site in HTTPS.

  • URL : Enter The URL of your WEB application (It should be generated automatically based on previously added information Select "Default Sign in Page" to use the default login system.

  • Select "Create new application pool" and enter its name.

Do not forget to add in your DNS new information for your site.

As I explained in the first part, we find a site dedicated to our web application "Compagnie" in the IIS server.

Vous pouvez modifier, ajouter votre certificat SSL si vous avez souhaité passer en HTTPS. Dans notre exemple, nous resterons en HTTP.

Creating a site collection

We will proceed to the creation of a first site collection. Click on "Create site collections"

In title we will put "Accueil". You can then add a description. Finally, you have the choice between different templates.

Enter the name of the user who is responsible for administering the site collection. Then you can select a quota.

Enter your access credentials to the site.

Here is the first page:

Adding and editing pages

Editions

You can make changes to this site by clicking directly on "EDIT".

Then click on "SAVE" to save the changes.

You can change the text format of the page:

You can insert objects:

You can also add documents to your page using the "EDIT" tool:

If you want to add links to the top level bar just click on "EDIT Links".

Enter the title to be displayed for the link in "Text to display" then the link in the "Address" section

Here is the result :

Adding pages to the previously created site collection

To add a page to your site collection, simply go to the cogwheel and click on "Add a page":

Enter the name of your page, in our case it will be "Presentation" then click on "Create".

You are redirected to the new page in edit mode.

Add the elements of this new page then click on "SAVE"

Here is the result :

As you can see, the page just created in the site collection is low level (http://compagnie.com/SitePages/Presentation.aspx):

Display of the page

If you want to change the display style of the page, you can do it by going to the gear and then clicking on "Change the look"

Microsoft provides a ready-to-use style list:

We will install the "City" style

It is possible to change the color, the writing style.

Then just select "Try it out" to preview the rendering. It can then be validated by selecting "Yes, Keep it" or canceled by clicking on "No, not quite there".

The management of the page

If you want to change the settings of the page, just go to the gear and click on "Site settings"

You will have on this page the ability to manage many permissions, display settings and actions.

Access permissions to the sites

To add permissions to a user or a group of users of the active directory, simply go to "Site Settings" then click on "People and groups" You can then choose between the category "members, visitors , owners or any other categories created by you. Then, you just need to click on "New Add Users"

Enter the name of the user or group to invite, then click on "Share"

By going to "Site permissions", it is possible to modify the level of permissions by clicking on "Permission Levels"

To add a new permission level, click on "add a Permission Level"

To change the permissions of a group, select a group and click on "Edit User Permissions".

Just select an item in the list of permissions and validate the change by clicking "OK"

Conclusion

We discovered how to create a web application and a site collection. If you want to protect your web application do not hesitate to pass it in HTTPS.

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