SharePoint is a platform developed
by Microsoft to implement web applications to promote collaborative work, communication, sharing and document
Once set up by the IT department, users can easily interact with the
various tools to manage their sites and contained without having to pass
necessarily by code. Many tools are available.
The strength of this tool lies in content management through a
robust and efficient search engine for quick access to information.
SharePoint can be installed in three ways:
On-Premise (Installation on the local servers of the
Cloud (Installing SharePoint on the Cloud with Office
Hybrid (Install on local corporate servers and Office 365
SharePoint Online, which provides an installation available internally
within the enterprise and via the cloud).
The SharePoint 2016 editions: Microsoft offers several editions of
SharePoint including a "Standard" version, and an "Enterprise" version. The
SharePoint Foundation version (free version under SharePoint
2013) is no longer available with SharePoint 2016.
Installation of SharePoint 2016 (On-Premise)
We will proceed with the installation of SharePoint on Windows
For this, we must carry out a verification of the
SharePoint requires 16GB of RAM for development and testing, a
64-bit processor, and 80 GB of disk space for the system.
It is also required to have a functional Active Directory.
If you wish to have more information on the prerequisites
according to your future needs do not hesitate to go to the SharePoint
documentation available on the Microsoft website or directly on the
Add SharePoint management accounts
The necessary accounts:
sp_admin: The user is used to install SharePoint and
the various utilities that are linked to it.
sp_farm: The user is used to
configure and manage SharePoint.
SQL_Services: The user is used to configure and manage
To do this simply, on your Active
Directory Domain Service
(ADDS), create an "organizational unit" named "SharePoint" and inside, create "Server" (to add SharePoint-related servers),
"Users" ( To add all users related to
SharePoint) and "Groups" (To add groups related to SharePoint).
The sp_admin, sp_farm, and SQL_Services users
must have the necessary administrator privileges.
On the SharePoint server, add the three previously created users
to the "Administrators" group. This is done in "Computer Management".
SharePoint needs a SQL server to work, we will proceed with the
installation of SQL Server 2014 SP2 Express. Select "New SQL
Server stand-alone installation"
Select "Database Engine Services" and
Indicate the name of your instance in our case we will leave
For "SQL Server Database Engine" add the user previously creates
"SQL_Services" and the password associated with this account.
Select "Mixed Mode" and add the user
The installation is complete
Installation of SharePoint
Start the installation of the prerequisites. You may be required
to restart your server multiple times during installation.
Start the SharePoint installation and enter your license
Select "Run the SharePoint Products Configuration Wizard
Click on "Next"
Click on "YES"
Select "Create a new server farm"
Enter the path to your server, in our case the SQL server is on
the same machine or ". \" And followed by the name of the instance
Then enter the username SQL: SQL_Services and its associated
Add your security passphrase.
Select "Single-Server Farm" and
Here you can specify the port used, then select NTLM.
Click on "Next" and the configuration will
The SharePoint configuration is complete.
You will be redirected at the end of the installation to the
SharePoint administration page. Select "Cancel"
You can now create your web application.
In this article, we discovered how to deploy a SharePoint server on
a local infrastructure.
You can now interact with the Administration Center to set up your