Autonomous vehicles, strengths and
Indeed this type of vehicle does exist and this is no longer for
James BOND or K200!
We are there, commonly called "unmanned cars", "robotic or
Able to analyze and take the lead
in several cases.
For unmanned vehicles , shuttles or other types they are free of
flywheels or throttles, a kind of cocoon it will take us automatically to
destination according to need, however research is
still in progress .
Google itself is interfering, and
relies on software essential to the
operation of autonomous vehicles which causes a growing craze among the
general public for new technologies, and the growth of research and
Let's discover together the well-made and the bad sides of these
cars that are self-contained, with a small comparison.
Unmanned vehicles analyze their
environment using technologies such as lidar, GPS,
and computer detection, as well as other methods of geolocation and collision detection . The data is
handled so that the car imprints the most
suitable routes while complying with the
regulations in force.
It detects any obstacle in its path and initiates bypass maneuvers when necessary. Composed of a map
may be updated at any time following the data collected. As a result, the
car will be able to take decisions in complete safety , even on roads that have never been used
Small ranking of cars without drivers; American road safety called
NHTSA creates a ranking by level
according to the degree of autonomy of
Here are the rankings:
Level 0 : The pilot has
the possibility to recover the hand on his vehicle at any time.
Level 1 : The control elements are
always the responsibility of the pilot
while others are automated as for the
Level 2 : One can with
this automated level simultaneously two or more
features , such as speed regulation, or even be able to
maintain its trajectory on the same track without effort on the part of the
Level 3: The driver can fully delegate driving to the machine according to
the weather and traffic situation.
Level 4 : The
integral control of the vehicle is managed by its own system,
the user of the transport does not come into play anywhere, the driving is
completely assured by the computer.
Let's take a look at the highlights of these automated
Intelligent vehicles, strengths and
• In considering obsolete human drivers, one could imagine all kinds
of entertainment in these "spaces" of transport. So freeing up space and
releasing especially also the users remained staring at the road and
driving. Video games but multimedia in general could find there a new
territory to conquer, more driving constraints .., so more time to occupy
• In the major parts of road
accidents, human error is caused. Humans
can be affected by fatigue, stupidity, alcohol or
On the other hand, autonomous
vehicles, respect the rules of the road, do not make
mistakes of inattention or other . It can therefore be deduced
without pretension that accidents will become
rarer and security will only be enhanced.
• Similar to a train, the occupants of the PLC transport will be
able to rest and move at night as well as during the
• The lack of concentration on
their driving as well as the reaction time of the drivers are most of the
time at the origin of traffic jams . The
automaton by its operation will be able to solve many traffic problem,
would it be the end of traffic jam end of the day? One thing is about the
traffic will be regulated more easily, so a traffic flow.
• Automata transport avoids any
exhaustion related to driving. No more stress, or fear of not
reaching your destination or making a mistake on
your itinerary and missing your appointment.
• An ability to recover and analyze
data largely increased by motion sensors, obstacle and collision
detectors called sensory sensor, Even in complicated weather
conditions when visibility and poor (fog), the automaton vehicle can
perceive him any obstacle even far away and thus avoid the
• An increase in the speed limit could be considered, users will benefit
from faster travel.
• Farewell the burden of slots, nothing has been easier than parking when not driving, it will
therefore be a responsibility to delegate more to the vehicle's automation
system, ends the chore, the car could take you to your destination then go
and wait in his place nicely.
• A significant asset for people with reduced
mobility and the elderly, imagine even an automated school bus,
see a reliable transport for drunk people late in the evening, more needs
of SAM, no need for a driver so permit, a boon for teenagers looking for
• Insurance will
undoubtedly lose their affinity or at least their
commercial power, which will affect the rates of their
packages, and always to the benefit of users
• Less error therefore detours or incidents on the route, optimization of driving, so journeys are more run,
cheaper fuel and less harmful to
the environment .
• The means put in place to mitigate the risk of the road and the
safety of drivers may be redirected to accommodate
the infrastructure necessary for the circulation of this new
type of vehicle.
• A more pleasant sensation and
transport experience for
• Less rob, had to a system of security and geolocalisation more
powerful than ever. Let's dive into the story now ..
History of autonomous cars:
The first automate car concept was born in the 1920s . Then made a big leap forward in the
1950s . Nevertheless, it was from the
1980s , the birth
of computers , that the theory could be put into practice. Here
is the list of companies that have researched and manufactured prototypes or functional
- General Motors
Unfortunately, as any revolution
that digital but especially that of autonomous vehicles will cause
collateral damage . Indeed the area of
smart cars will also include some flats
• A disappearance of the trades of
chauffeur VTC , taxi driver, courier , truck
• The reliability of the system
must be flawless , because even a
beug could have consequences much
more dramatic than an accident whose origin would be human error .
• From a legal point of view, everything is to be done, nothing is
yet established; in case of accidents who are responsible for the lack of
driver, the manufacturer of the software? or even the owner of the
• The data management arising from
the use of autonomous cars will certainly pose a problem, with respect to
the privacy of users, the data in
question contain all their travel, and many other personal aspects of
privacy that users want to preserve .
• Like any computerized system, robotic cars, are subject to
hacking , can seriously in dangerous the
passengers of the vehicle, the risk is significant and significant, a
security breach can be expensive because lives are
at stake .
• For the moment, the weather limits the
possibilities of certain vehicles that are struggling in bad
weather, rain or snow. The laser technology of the sensor is disturbed
during heavy rain and the camera sometimes sees the vision obstruct by the
• A question also arises, that of the dissociation between an obstacle and a living
being , faced with such a scenario how to anticipate the
reaction of a system of lack of
• Given the growing tendency to become a pilot, frequent users will
lose the habit of driving , so if one day the situation lends itself to
it, and the urgency press the daily users
will have lost in skills , which will be
• Work to be planned ..., indeed the current infrastructure does
not allow to accommodate this type of vehicle,
current legislation will have to evolve to adapt to the change of conduct and the steering algorithm, the signaling too will have to
change and may be brought to communicate directly
with the car systems . As you have understood, all change management must be operated.
• Moral ethics will be an important issue at the heart of this
change . What a decision to decide
whether to decide between colliding with a
pedestrian and attempting an avoidance maneuver that
will surely kill the user of the car.
What would be the "best" choice? Who would be
Moreover, let us admit that an animal arises on the road, the previous problem
could arise to a lesser extent, what behavior
adopted ? Safety is context-related, but the balance between
the well-being of passengers and the preservation of
any life must be guaranteed before any circulation can be
• Human interaction may not be correctly interpreted by artificial
intelligences. Sudden movements or hands
will be difficult factors for them to interpret.
• In the event of unlawful or criminal immoral
behavior, the police will not be able to determine or
incriminate the culprit (s) because the human is no longer in
The car is therefore a real technological advance with many advantages in its sleeve, and many opportunities
for evolution , however, we must still be
vigilant in terms of ethics ,
and prepare to welcome change , in terms
of infrastructure, but also from a legal and sociological point of view.
Risks must be measured , great
power implies great responsibility