An Internet Service Provider
(ISP) allows a subscriber to have an
internet connection at home. This
provider will act as an intermediary between the user and the resource
located on the Internet. In other words, the ISP sends the requests of the user and receives the requested
information by forwarding it to
We will discover some French ISPs that will become over the years,
through redemptions, merger or change of name, those we know today.
The use of digital networks was already in the habit of the French
thanks to the Minitel. This one allowed to advance in France in the
digital level compared to many other countries.
In 1994, the first Internet access provider appeared in
France under the name of WorldNet, it
was quickly followed by FranceNet. Many other ISPs appeared after
The one who became the largest French
ISP appeared in 1995, it
is obviously Wanadoo. This ISP was
very successful in the years that followed and gained a lot of
notoriety. He is today known as "Orange".
Club Internet was created in 1995.
Cegetel was created in 1996.
Neuf was created in 1997.
Free was created in
Neuf Cegetel was born in 2005 from the merger of Neuf Telecom
and Cegetel owned by the group Louis-Dreyfus and SFR.
Darty launched in 2006 the Darty Box.
Neuf Cegetel bought Club Internet in 2007.
Numéricable was created in July 2007.
In October 2008, Bouygues Telecom becomes Internet Service
SFR becomes the majority shareholder of Neuf Cegetel in
In May 2012, Bouygues Telecom acquires Darty Telecom.
In 2014, the merger of SFR and Numericable Group gave birth to
the Numericable-SFR group, which was renamed SFR.
Connection of the Internet subscriber
According to the ISPs, different options can be implemented to
connect the subscriber to his ISP. The simplest, the one used by ADSL and VDSL is
to go through existing copper
Then, for higher rates, there are coaxial links or optical
Then in the case of a very low-bandwidth or unserved area, there
remains the Radio (Wimax) or satellite
(internet par satellite).
The equipment needed to receive Internet
Internet service providers provide the user with an internet box
that includes a modem and additional features such as router, WIFI
This box, once connected to the ISP via the connection made
(explained above), allows the user to have his personal access to the
The different internet offers
Triple Play: This offer corresponds to an ADSL offer + access to
television + telephone.
Quadruplay: This offer corresponds to an ADSL + access to TV +
Phone + Mobile Phone.
ADSL offers: The ADSL offer allows to have a broadband
connection up to 30 Mb / s.
VDSL offers: VDSL offer provides an internet connection with
speeds higher than ADSL.
Optical fibers offers: The optical fiber makes it possible to
have better flow than ADSL Internet through cables sending light
ISPs on the France mainland
The access providers competing for the French market today