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Internet Service Provider in France

Par Julien GROSSIN Publié le 28/10/2019 à 18:33:06 Noter cet article:
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Introduction

An Internet Service Provider (ISP) allows a subscriber to have an internet connection at home. This provider will act as an intermediary between the user and the resource located on the Internet. In other words, the ISP sends the requests of the user and receives the requested information by forwarding it to him.

History of French ISPs

We will discover some French ISPs that will become over the years, through redemptions, merger or change of name, those we know today.

The use of digital networks was already in the habit of the French thanks to the Minitel. This one allowed to advance in France in the digital level compared to many other countries.

  • In 1994, the first Internet access provider appeared in France under the name of WorldNet, it was quickly followed by FranceNet. Many other ISPs appeared after them.

  • The one who became the largest French ISP appeared in 1995, it is obviously Wanadoo. This ISP was very successful in the years that followed and gained a lot of notoriety. He is today known as "Orange".

  • Club Internet was created in 1995.

  • Cegetel was created in 1996.

  • Neuf was created in 1997.

  • Free was created in 1999.

  • Neuf Cegetel was born in 2005 from the merger of Neuf Telecom and Cegetel owned by the group Louis-Dreyfus and SFR.

  • Darty launched in 2006 the Darty Box.

  • Neuf Cegetel bought Club Internet in 2007.

  • Numéricable was created in July 2007.

  • In October 2008, Bouygues Telecom becomes Internet Service Provider.

  • SFR becomes the majority shareholder of Neuf Cegetel in 2008.

  • In May 2012, Bouygues Telecom acquires Darty Telecom.

  • In 2014, the merger of SFR and Numericable Group gave birth to the Numericable-SFR group, which was renamed SFR.

Connection of the Internet subscriber

According to the ISPs, different options can be implemented to connect the subscriber to his ISP. The simplest, the one used by ADSL and VDSL is to go through existing copper cables.

Then, for higher rates, there are coaxial links or optical fiber.

Then in the case of a very low-bandwidth or unserved area, there remains the Radio (Wimax) or satellite (internet par satellite).

The equipment needed to receive Internet

Internet service providers provide the user with an internet box that includes a modem and additional features such as router, WIFI ...

This box, once connected to the ISP via the connection made (explained above), allows the user to have his personal access to the internet.

The different internet offers

  • Triple Play: This offer corresponds to an ADSL offer + access to television + telephone.

  • Quadruplay: This offer corresponds to an ADSL + access to TV + Phone + Mobile Phone.

  • ADSL offers: The ADSL offer allows to have a broadband connection up to 30 Mb / s.

  • VDSL offers: VDSL offer provides an internet connection with speeds higher than ADSL.

  • Optical fibers offers: The optical fiber makes it possible to have better flow than ADSL Internet through cables sending light signals.

ISPs on the France mainland

The access providers competing for the French market today are:

  • Orange (part of the France Telecom Group)

  • Free (a subsidiary of the Iliad Group)

  • SFR altice

  • Bouygues

Bibliography

https://www.corporate.bouyguestelecom.fr/nous-connaitre/notre-histoire/lintegralite-de-notre-histoire/

https://www.abonnement-adsl.biz/historique-fai/

http://www.sfr.com/nous-connaitre/sfr-en-bref/01272016-1700-lhistoire-du-groupe-sfr https://fr.wikipedia.org/

http://www.iscc.cnrs.fr/spip.php?article1548

https://saamu.wordpress.com/2011/01/13/fai-petite-histoire-du-dploiement-de-ladsl/

http://histoire-internet.vincaria.net/post/histoire/internet/1994/FAI-Francais

http://www.commentcamarche.net/contents/1152-fai-fournisseurs-d-acces-a-internet

http://www.universfreebox.com/article/24339/Free-a-15-ans-decouvrez-son-incroyable-reussite-de-son-lancement-a-aujourd-hui

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