The article aims to discover the beginnings of mobile telephony, as
well as these developments that led us to generation 4 that we all know
This article is based on the evolution of mobile telephony in
mainland France and operators.
The history of mobile telephony
The first network appears in 1956, this network is called manual
because it requires the action of an operator to operate.
This network uses the 150 Mhz frequency band. The operator was in
charge of connecting subscriber A to subscriber B.
This service was complex and the range limit was quite low.
In 1986, the first generation of telephone network is born.
It is powered in France by Radiocom 2000
(distributed by France Telecom). The network worked with
the frequency band 400 MHz.
In 1987, SFR opened the market and qualified as a
major competitor of France Telecom.
SFR becomes the first private
In 1991, a new type of network was set up by France Telecom,
phone fits in a pocket, it is wireless. However, the range is very low, so it
was proposed in fairly dense urban areas.
In 1992, the Itineris brand was
launched by France Telecom. It is the first French operator to use a
digital technology that is based on the GSM
standard. The frequency used is 900 MHz.
The year 1996 revealed the packages for the general public, then 1997 was the year of the
This second option has democratized the mobile phone even for
people with non-regular income. Operators have tried to target the
young population for whom it is easy to change their lifestyle.
In 2001, Orange (France Telecom) and SFR obtained their
UMTS. They launched their own GPRS
networks, Bouygues Télécom did the same. GPRS is an evolution of GSM.
In 2002, Bouygues also obtainshis License UMTS and launched its
In 2004, SFR and Orange launched their UMTS (3G)
In 2009, Free Mobile obtains the 3G frequency bands and this
allows him to be the 4th French mobile operator. Its goal is to lower
the prices of the offers.
In 2012, Free Mobile launched itself as the 4th mobile network
in France with two non-binding mobile plans, one at 2€ and the second
at 19.99€. By launching these two offers, it fully meets its stated
The year 2012 was marked by the launch of the 4th generation of
the mobile telephone network (4G). 4G allows you to surf faster than
3G with significantly higher rates. Loading times are decreased. Users
are increasingly greedy for mobile data with surfing, video and
sharing. 4G can meet this growing need.
According to some rumor, the 5G would be in development, for an
arrival in France by 2020.
The 5th Generation Mobile Network (5G) is expected to be the next
telecommunication standard to go beyond the current 4G.
The 5G is designed to target higher flow capacities than the current
The interest will be to offer a greater density of users to have
access to broadband on their mobile devices with significantly reduced
An MVNO (mobile virtual network operator) is a virtual operator that
goes through the network of historical operators to operate.
Here is a list of some MVNOs: La poste Mobile, NRJ Mobile, Coriolis
French Mobile Frequencies
If you want to buy a mobile on the internet or abroad, you must be
vigilant in verifying that the mobile is compatible with the frequencies
used by your French operator.
If this is not the case, the mobile will not be able to connect to