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Articles - Étudiants SUPINFO

Digital transformation and robotics

Par Corentin BALDI Publié le 06/08/2019 à 16:29:45 Noter cet article:
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Introduction

Numerous sectors are advancing in digital transformation, implementing new technologies such as artificial intelligence and robotics, which will lay the foundations of most industries, and also of the labor market. Health, education, home, mobility, logistics, agriculture, food, retail and automotive are some examples of where these technologies will proliferate in the coming years.

Health sector

Within the scope of hospitals, medical robotics aims to improve medical procedures and the work of surgeons, helping to overcome limitations in certain interventions. Other types of robotics, such as motorized exoskeletons, will help patients with mobility problems or in the process of rehabilitation, helping a lot in improving their treatments and in their quality of life in general. In addition, digital applications moved by AI and connected devices will help improve patient care and follow-up of their cases. Other technologies that will impact the health sector will be augmented reality and 3D printing, which will find applications in the manufacture of biomedical tissues, organs, prostheses and implants.

New technologies for education

As it is already being verified through various projects in universities and other centers of higher studies, artificial intelligence can mean a revolution in teaching models. Experts point out that AI can improve online learning, adaptive teaching software and research processes by a better way to interact with students.

Connected home

AI-powered home technologies have found their largest market (60%) in the United States, where the first commercial projects and products originated. But Europe and the United Kingdom have become the fastest growing market, although Korea will be the leader, thanks to its advanced technological ecosystem and consumer affinity with these technologies. This report points out that the concept of smart home not only includes domestic devices, but also encompasses a whole series of complementary services and products, customized through AI.

Mobility

In this area, robotics will become part of the urban transport infrastructure, which in the future will include three-dimensional displacement devices, guided autonomously, and in such interesting things as intelligently motorized luggage and facial recognition for Improvement of the interaction between man and machine.

Logistics

Robotics is entering logistics completely, both by automated machines that facilitate processes of organization and movement of goods and thanks to exoskeletons, which facilitate the task of operators in various heavy jobs, which require the intervention of people. But, on the other hand, robotics and other forms of automation are being integrated into vehicles for the transport of goods by sea, the distribution of food and packages.

Farming

Farm automation is advancing, revolutionizing the way food is planted, harvested and prepared for sale. There are already companies that cultivate almost without human intervention, with mechanical automations and intelligent systems for the control of irrigation, fumigation and climatic conditions inside the greenhouses. And we are working on robots capable of planting, removing weeds and performing other maintenance tasks autonomously.

Feeding

From supermarkets to industrial kitchens and homes, robots are finding their place in numerous areas linked to food. Examples of this are the robots that help to prepare food in restaurants, industries and homes, and the first robots that are reaching the large stores to control the inventory of perishables in stores and other functions currently performed by human workers.

Retail

Robotic process automation and artificial intelligence are rapidly proliferating in the Retail sector, with the help of new generation chatbots, enhanced by AI forms, which are better able to work with voice and natural language recognition. In addition, work is being done on purchasing assistants with certain emotional intelligence capabilities, who are able to better communicate with customers to understand their needs and tastes, and subsequently to offer certain post-sale customer services.

Automotive

Without a doubt, autonomous driving is the queen of robotization in the transport sector. On the one hand, work is being done intensively on fleets of heavy vehicles for the transport of goods. But also for the construction, with new automatic machines capable of assisting in the works, doing logistical tasks or increasing the production in works such as the placement of bricks and other structural elements. In addition, in the coming years there will be an important evolution of private autonomous driving, although experts still do not agree on when personal transport without a driver will become a reality.

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