The cinema of the 80s built the collective imagination concerning the
artificial intelligence and the futur of our societies that will be able to
coexist with machines, with films such as Blade Runner, Terminator ... and
more recently The Matrix. We can take for example futuristic autonomous
cars, which are often present in science fiction movies. Nowadays, this
future is closer than ever and no longer belongs to the cinema: luxury car
brands have equipped their vehicles with navigation systems and software
that can collect vehicle data, for example if some vehicules parts are
damaged and know if they should be replaced, for example; or Elon Musk's
Testa cars, working on prototypes of vehicles equipped with an autopilot
system. Another example, this time around Nvidia, known as the leader in the
graphics card market, uses artificial intelligence concepts to allow
vehicles (at the prototype stage as well) to visualize the
This technology holds great promise for businesses and industries. We
will see here the possibilities that the AI can offer and what will help
it to realize its full potential.
Dawn of a technological revolution
We have known the revolution of the internet or the one of mobile
communications; Today we are at the dawn of a revolution of greater
magnitude than these.
In my previous article on the Golang programming language (entitled
"Why use Golang language ?"), we approached Moore's Law, theorized by
Intel's co-founder in 1965, Gordon Moore. This law stipulates that the
physical power of the processors will double every year. So far, his
theory has proven to be quite accurate since all areas have benefited from
However, the articular intelligence is evolving even faster;
exponentially. And this, thanks to the contributions of machine learning
that can exceed all expectations in terms of technological input.
It is therefore an area that is today more and more present in all
sectors. Coupled with the concepts of machine learning and big data,
artificial intelligence presents itself as the next great technological
era of our time. It will serve to make sense of the data collected and to
find solutions to problems that are impossible to solve. However, this
will make us, human beings, sources of considerable information; which is
an ethical problem on which we have to think seriously; we will come back
to it later.
Machine learning is a set of algorithms that allow software to
process data without actually being programmed. The objective is that
these algorithms are able to use a statistical analysis to analyse
You had to be confronted with machine learning, even indirectly: for
example in the case of marketing, when shopping online, offers articles
related to those you ordered. This is because search engines and online
sales sites use machine learning to personalize real-time ad
Here are some examples of systems that work with machine learning
These are some examples; obliously, we could add a lot of other
The machine learning algorithms fall into two categories, supervised
and unsupervised learning, which we will see below:
This is a type of system, where input data and output data are
provided and then classified to process subsequent data.
The benefits of supervised learning versus unsupervised learning:
Analyzes can be more easily understood by humans because they provide
Unsupervised learning is based on learning an AI algorithm. In
this system, the AI has the ability to group data according to
similarities and differences. Unsupervised learning algorithms have the
ability to handle more complex data.
How machine learning works
Machine learning is therefore the association between artificial
intelligence and big data; indeed, the goal is the processing of huge
amounts of data, using them and adapt them to different situations, even
more, to anticipate them. The idea is that he builds a network of
"neurons" to predict situations.
Now we have briefly talking about AI and machine learning, I would
like to go back in time to see how we have arrived here and how this area
It can be said that video games is the domain that has played a
leading role in artificial intelligence. Since more than 30 years, AI is
present in this sector. If we are interested in this period, and the way
video games evolved, we realize that the AI was already there, when we
could play against the computer, and be allied with AIs. It started with
computer chess games; the AI chess games have also defeated the world's
greatest champions of chess ...
Since those times of our ancestors (I'm kidding), artificial
intelligence has never stopped progressing, sometimes with stagnation.
Today, we have reached the time where AI offers such realism with
non-player characters (NPCs) that approaches human behavior; we will,
however, issue some reservations anyway, because simulate the behavior of
a human is a very complicated thing, but we are more and more closer to
With machine learning, it will eventually be an AI that will develop
video game AIs in the future. Yes... this is crazy !
And what will increase this field to continue in research on
artificial intelligence is its incredible economic and financial health.
Indeed, this area alone is more profitable than the film and music
industry combined. This will help fund research and work on AI.
As we said above in the introduction to this article, the theme of
artificial intelligence is present from every angles in the cinema, in
science fiction films.
I think we can divide these movies into two categories:
Those where AI is an "evil" entity turning against its creator,
the human. Throughout these movies, humans fight this AI to destroy
it. Here, then, the scenario is constructed according to a Manichean
schema (the enemy AI wanting to destroy humanity); the goal for the
writers is to warn about a potential overdeveloped AI. This scheme is
present for example in films such as Matrix or Terminator.
Movies where the AI is a secondary character, supporting the
main characters in their quests. Here, this AI is therefore good and
here to supervise the humans: the objective of this scenarios is to
understand the importance of reaching levels never reached by man; as
for example the space conquest, in Interstellar.
A hyper-developing AI, always gives way to a duelist situation with
humans. But why AI is also often perceived as an enemy potential:
The fear of AI as autonomous and "intelligent" is a cognitive bias:
it would necessarily escape the control of man and be instinctively
considered as threatening the survival of our species. The human species
evolve in this way, instinctively considering something beyond our
control, as a threat.
The way to approach artificial intelligence in the cinema reveal the
image we have of this subject. The screenwriters project on screen our
anxieties and our way of perceiving the new things.
Ethics regarding artificial intelligence
Here is one of the problems raised when we talk about the use of
artificial intelligence. The problem is : using the AI is an ethical
problem or not.
Developing an AI is also part of the understanding of privacy and
privacy policies. Today, and in the future, artificial intelligence
systems will have a leading role in all the sectors they touch. For the
moment, the standards of what is acceptable and what is not, do not exist.
Which will certainly be a problem.
For example, autonomous cars, will inevitably face accidents,
causing injuries to passengers, exactly as today with human drivers.
However, the difference is that we know how to solve a problem concerning
the mistakes of a human, but not about an AI. The understanding escape us
because it is impossible to blame a machine for an error.
It will be necessary for applications with artificial intelligence
to be able to provide explanations concerning the actions they perform; so
that we can understand and resolve the mistakes they could made.
It will be necessary to think of a kind of charter or laws
concerning the machines, for the errors that they could commit. This is
all the difficulties concerning the AI in our world.
It is how the evolution is built, but also the problematics that
represents the technology of our future: the artificial intelligence. This
promising technology, which may be the most controversial, offers
unprecedented possibilities in all fields, it can propel humanity forward
from a technological point of view.
We will probably see in a future article the theme of the
transhumanist, which will be the fusion between our future technology and
man. A marriage that will give birth to a "homo futurus", half-man
half-machine. Terminator and The Matrix is about to become a