Transhumanism is a movement that refers to the improvement of the
mental and physical characteristics of the human being through the use of
technology. Long fantasized in literature, video games, cinema and music,
transhumanism has now crossed the barriers of reality by taking root in
the human body. According to biologist Julian Huxley, a transhuman is a
"man who remains a man, but transcends himself by deploying new
possibilities of and for his human nature".
Technology has already allowed some amputees to walk or move their
hands or blind people to see for a few years. But recently, technology has
reached a new level of elevation by thwarting human capabilities.
Improved visual abilities through technology
Neil Harbisson is the first cyborg man in the world.
Born with an achromatopsy, a disease of the visual system that
prevents him from distinguishing colours, he now manages to "hear" colours
thanks to an electronic device that is at the very least original... This
device, called "Eyeborg", consists of a front camera connected to an
electronic chip located in its skull.
Neil Harbisson and his Eyeborg
The colour frequencies are captured by the camera, then transmitted
to the microchip, which translates them into sound waves. Each color is
therefore associated with a specific sound. Thus, Neil Harbisson would be
able to distinguish more than 300 shades of different colors. But it
doesn't stop there: this device captures a wider range of colour than
normal human beings. Indeed, ultraviolet and infrared rays, normally
invisible to the naked eye, can be perceived thanks to the eyeborg. At
first disabled, technology made it possible to make Neil Harbisson an
But not only that, but also cognitive abilities
In addition to vision, some experimental studies have been carried
out to improve human cognitive abilities. The Defense Advanced Research
Projects Agency (DARPA) has launched the "RAM" project, which aims to
stimulate human memory through technology. Doctors integrated electrical
implants into the brains of 12 participants with no memory problems, and
this improved memory test scores. DARPA's new project is to improve the
learning of physical tasks.
The era of transhumanism is often considered science fiction, but
the various examples cited in this article may make you realize that your
children are potentially the cyborgs of tomorrow;
Is a cyborg allowed to tick? Would we be allowed to tick in 10 years