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Articles - Étudiants SUPINFO

Does the augmented man already exist?

Par Fayçal SIDI ALI MEBAREK Publié le 11/09/2019 à 15:33:33 Noter cet article:
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What is transhumanism

Transhumanism is a movement that refers to the improvement of the mental and physical characteristics of the human being through the use of technology. Long fantasized in literature, video games, cinema and music, transhumanism has now crossed the barriers of reality by taking root in the human body. According to biologist Julian Huxley, a transhuman is a "man who remains a man, but transcends himself by deploying new possibilities of and for his human nature".

Technology has already allowed some amputees to walk or move their hands or blind people to see for a few years. But recently, technology has reached a new level of elevation by thwarting human capabilities.

Improved visual abilities through technology

Neil Harbisson is the first cyborg man in the world.

Born with an achromatopsy, a disease of the visual system that prevents him from distinguishing colours, he now manages to "hear" colours thanks to an electronic device that is at the very least original... This device, called "Eyeborg", consists of a front camera connected to an electronic chip located in its skull.

Neil Harbisson and his Eyeborg

The colour frequencies are captured by the camera, then transmitted to the microchip, which translates them into sound waves. Each color is therefore associated with a specific sound. Thus, Neil Harbisson would be able to distinguish more than 300 shades of different colors. But it doesn't stop there: this device captures a wider range of colour than normal human beings. Indeed, ultraviolet and infrared rays, normally invisible to the naked eye, can be perceived thanks to the eyeborg. At first disabled, technology made it possible to make Neil Harbisson an augmented man.

But not only that, but also cognitive abilities

In addition to vision, some experimental studies have been carried out to improve human cognitive abilities. The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) has launched the "RAM" project, which aims to stimulate human memory through technology. Doctors integrated electrical implants into the brains of 12 participants with no memory problems, and this improved memory test scores. DARPA's new project is to improve the learning of physical tasks.

The era of transhumanism is often considered science fiction, but the various examples cited in this article may make you realize that your children are potentially the cyborgs of tomorrow;

Is a cyborg allowed to tick? Would we be allowed to tick in 10 years ?

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