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Compilation - Languages and translators

2CMP 6 chapters 2 ECTS credits Level Beginner


The compilation is a link to produce an executable program (from a program written in the programming language) on architecture. We mainly make language and translator by abstract representation (use of formal languages, regular expressions and automata) for testing, to guarantee and translate the writing of our programs in machine language.


The study of the compilation through the notion of language and translator allows analyze and understand the running of a program. If we want to write the "well-trained and sometimes optimized code", we must understand how it's translated.


In this course, we go try to translate the high level programs into the low-level language. After architecture with assembler and the programs through algorithms, we will provide the link between two. However to make a complete compilation we need ten phases, but this course will offer in detail only the 2 first, with all the abstractions for them. The other phases will be discussed or sometimes studied using examples.

Learning path


  • Better understanding of high level programs
  • New vision about low level programming
  • Create and use regular expressions
  • Create and use recognizers deterministic automata within and without stack
  • Create and use recognizers deterministic automata within and without stack
  • Create and use grammars
  • Browse trees by using LL and LR methods
  • Create and use analyzers ( lexical and syntactic )

Course content

  • Introduction

    Course : 150 min - Labs : 90 min
  • Vocabulary and structures

    Course : 180 min - Labs : 180 min
  • Grammars

    Course : 180 min - Labs : 180 min
  • Lexical analysis

    Course : 180 min - Labs : 450 min
  • Syntax analysis

    Course : 180 min - Labs : 180 min
  • YACC/Bison

    Course : 120 min - Labs : 330 min


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